Could the Government commercialise its databank to raise funds if all competing interests were aligned? Richard Kemp muses over the potential.
As we move into the era of Big Data – vast exploitable datasets of computerised information – it’s worth noting that HMG’s database about UK citizens is the largest in the country and of enormous and increasing value. Mr Francis Maude the Cabinet Office Minister is a keen enthusiast for open data, but should the Government be doing more to monetise its data estate?
Even leaving aside Snowden and surveillance, government departments like Health, Home Office, Education, HMRC and BIS have huge and growing digital databases. Were it not for the seemingly endless run of high profile public sector IT fiascos in the first decade of the century, the hue and cry from civil liberties groups about the risks to individual freedoms of ‘citizen on a stick’ – everything the State knows about any citizen on a memory stick – would doubtless have been much louder by now.
As it is, as individual government departments start to master their own data estates and central government as a whole starts to join up the dots on what each department knows about any particular individual, HMG’s data estate – a term we will become much more familiar with in years to come – will become one of the UK’s most valuable national assets (perhaps comparable with its real property estate, whose book value is estimated at around £400bn).
If you look at the UK data estate as an asset, it’s not as simple as property – which has a capital value as an asset you can sell, income value from rentals and expense associated with upkeep and maintenance. With data, what should be the right policy drivers to protection, growth, maintenance and monetisation of the asset? And how do you reconcile all the conflicting interests – individual liberties, commercial interests, safeguards against overreaching by the State and maximising the benefits for citizens of technological progress?
Just as property law defines rights and obligations about real estate, a worthwhile start point in the policy debate about data is also its legal framework. Data is pretty weird stuff in legal terms – as expression and communication, English law holds that you can’t steal it and, after a judgment earlier this year, you can’t have a lien (a right to retain possession) over a database either. But as digital information becomes more valuable, legal rights in relation to data are developing fast as enforceable sources and stores of value, based on contract law, regulatory law and intellectual property (copyright, database right and confidentiality) law.
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